Super midsize business jet (mittelgroßer Geschäftsreisejet)
Hawker Beechcraft Corporation
PO Box 85
Wichita, Kansas 67201-0085
Phone:+1 (316) 676-7007
Fax: +1 (316) 676-4748
General (Allgemeine Angaben)
Crew (Besatzung): 2
Passengers (Passagiere): 8 in standard arrangement in double “club four” layout, or a maximum of 14
Baggage: 2,83 cu m compartment at the rear
Power plant (Antrieb): 2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PW308A with FADEC
Thrust (Schub): 2 x 30,66 kN (6900 lbs), flat rated to ISA + 20 deg C
Fuel flow at high-speed cruise (Verbrauch): 804 kg/h or 722 k/h at intermediate cruise speed or 694 kg at long range cruise speed
Inspection interval (Inspektionsintervall): 3000 hrs for the initial hot section inspection, 6000 hrs TBO
Length (Länge): 21,08 m
Height (Höhe): 5,97 m
Span (Spannweite): 18,82 m
Wing area (Flügelfläche): 49,3 sq m
Wing aspect ratio (Flügelstreckung): 7.2
Wing sweep at quarter chord (Flügelpfeilung): 28,4 deg
Cabin length (Kabinenlänge): 7,62 m without cockpit
Cabin width (Kabinenbreite): 1,97 m
Cabin height (Kabinenhöhe): 1,83 m
Cabin volume (Kabinenvolumen): 21,58 cu m without cockpit
Sea level cabin to: 25240 ft
Basic empty weight (Leermasse): 9596 kg
Max. payload (max. Nutzlast): 1563 kg
Payload with max fuel (Nutlast mit max. Kraftstoff): 837 kg
Fuel (Kraftstoff): 7910 litres (6486 kg)
Max. zero fuel weight (max. Masse ohne Kraftstoff): 11340 kg
Max. ramp weight (max. Rollmasse): 17100 kg
Max.Take-off weight (Maximale Startmasse): 17010 kg
Max. landing weight (max. Landemasse): 15195 kg
High speed cruise (Reisegeschwindigkeit): 870 km/h or Mach 0.82
Intermediate cruise speed: 828 km/h, Mach 0.78
Long range curise speed (Langstrecken-Reisegeschwindigkeit): 796 km/h, Mach 0.75 at FL 410
Time to climb to FL 370 (Steigzeit auf FL370): 13,1 min
Max. certified altitude (Gipfelhöhe): 13715 m (45000 ft)
Service ceiling (Dienstgipfelhöhe): 13075 m (42900 ft)
Ceiling with one engine out (Einmotoren-Gipfelhöhe): 8535 m (28000 ft)
Take-off field length (Startstrecke):
1550 m at sea level/ISA at max. take-off weight
2342 m at 5000 ft elevation, 25 deg C and 27500 lbs take-off weight
Landing distance (Landestrecke): 885 m at sea level/ISA, max. landing weight
- 5117 km with 1560 kg payload
- 5830 km with six passengers at Mach 0.82
- 6100 km with 837 kg payload
- 6295 km with four passengers at 783 km/h average speed
- 6439 km ferry range with zero payload
Airframe design life (Lebensdauer): 20000 hrs
At the rollout in April 2001, the price was quoted as 16,9 million US-Dollars. In 1996, a price of 14,5 million US-Dollars was announced.
Direct operating costs per hour were said to be 919 US-Dollars (April 2001).
After cancellations, the orderbook stood at 30 to 40 aircraft in September 2003. Raytheon had over 150 orders and options by October 1999, and the same figure was mentioned at the roll out in April 2001.
Biggest customer was Executive Jet´s NeJets fractional ownership programme with 50 plus 50 options, announced at the Paris Air Show in 1999. Potential value was 2 billion US-Dollars, but this order was cancelled in 2002. It was revived in December 2005 when NetJets announced to order 50 Hawker 4000 for their U.S. fractional fleet.
NetJets Europe GmbH have reached an agreement for the purchase of 32 hawker 4000 for NetJets' global fractional fleet in Europe.
Sertur Air of Istanbul, Turkey ordered one Hawker 4000 in November 2007 at the Dubai Air Show.
Bombardier Challenger 300
Cessna Citation X
Dassault Falcon 2000
The Hawker Horizon is the largest aircraft ever built by Raytheon Aircraft. It fits the “super mid-size” class, with stand-up cabin. Range should allow nonstop segments like London – New York or Tokyo – Honolulu.
Distinctive technical features of the Horizon are:
- a carbon fiber composite fuselage (built in three sections)
- advanced avioncs, i.e. the Honeywell Primus Epic system with five 8 x 10 inch (20 x 25,5 cm) liquid crystal displays in the cockpit.
The programme is pursued with risk-sharing suppliers, who are responsible for research, development and manufacturing of many systems, including:
- Pratt & Whitney Canada: propulsion units, complete with nacelles, ready to bolt on
- Honeywell: avionics integration, environmental and auxiliary power unit systems
- Fuji Heavy Industries: complete wing
- Sundstrand Corp.: utility systems management integration
- Eaton Corp.: hydraulic system
- Fokker Elmo B.V.: wire harnesses
- Megitt Avionics: fire and overheat protection, standby instruments
- Messier-Dowty: landing gear, flight control and flap actuators
- Smiths Industries: fuel system
The Hawker Horizon - as it was called at that time - was officially announced at the NBAA Convention at Orlando on 19. November 1996, but the design had started in 1993. Wind tunnel tests had taken place in 1995. At the time of the unveiling, a first flight in late 1999 and customer deliveries in the spring of 2001 were mentioned.
The first wing was delivered from Fuji Heavy Industries to Raytheon Aircraft in Wichita, Kansas, in December 1998. The three pieces of the fuselage were mated on 9 October 2000. Composite fuselage and wing were mated on 16 January 2001. The entire process took less than 30 minutes.
Rollout of the Hawker Horizon took place on April 17, 2001 at Wichita. The maiden flight was performed on August 11. With Horizon Chief Test Pilot Tom Carr at the controls, the business jet flew a 2 1/2 -hour mission from Wichita's Beech Field that tested the aircraft's flying qualities, engine operation, low-speed handling and climb performance. Co-pilot was Hans Betz and flight test engineer was Andy Collier. The aircraft flew to 10,500 feet and operated at speeds up to 225 knots. "The aircraft was everything we expected and more," said Carr. "Performance and handling qualities were exactly as expected. Controls were very responsive and predictable. We're ready to go up again."
The second Horizon (RC-2), billed as the systems certification test airframe, made its maiden flight on 10 May 2002. Senior test pilot Randy Rosebrok was at the controls. The mission was 88 minutes, cut short due to approaching weather. At that time, RC-1 had over 150 flight hours in the book.
RC-3 joined the programme on 31 July 2002. It was designated as the avionics test aircraft.
The Horizon made its official public debut at the 2002 NBAA Convention in Orlando on 9 September. About 200 hours were flown at that stage, collecting more than 1600 test conditions.
Hawker Horizon test aircraft RC-3 flew for 7.6 hours in April 2003, exceeding the duration of any other test flight in Beechcraft and Hawker history. Several days later, all three aircraft conducted a total of seven flights in one day. RC-4 underwent the first interior fitting around that time.
FAA certification tests were expected to be complete in 2003 after 2600 flight hours. This would be about two years later than announced in 1999. In the autumn of 2003, it transpired that there will be another slip, to mid-2004. Raytheon claimed that its main target is to deliver a reliable aircraft from the start. But it took another two years to finally complete certification of the aircraft. On November 8, 2005, Raytheon Aircraft Company announced that its super-midsize Horizon business jet would transition to the Hawker family nomenclature as the Hawker 4000. Type Certificate was awarded on November 21, 2006. Raytheon Aircraft was sold to newly founded Hawker Beechcraft Corporation in March 2007.