Cessna Citation Columbus
The largest business jet ever designed by Cessna.
Large business jet (Geschäftsreisejet)
Cessna Aircraft Company
One Cessna Boulevard
Wichita, Kansas 67215
General (Allgemeine Angaben)
Crew (Besatzung): 2
Passengers (Passagiere): up to 10
Power plant (Antrieb): 2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PW810
Thrust (Schub): 2 x 39,24 kN (8830 lbf)
Noise levels: below Stage IV standards
Length (Länge): 23,46 m
Span (Spannweite): 24,38 m
Fuselage width (Rumpfbreite): 2,10 m
Cabin length (Kabinenlänge): 11,05 m
Cabin height (Kabinenhöhe): 1,85 m
Payload with full fuel (Nutzlast bei max. Kraftstoff): 885 kg
Maximum cruise speed (max. Reisegeschwindigkeit): 488 kts (904 km/h) / Mach 0.85
Maximum operating speed: Mach 0.86
Take-off field length (Startstrecke): 1645 m, max. take-off weight
Range (Reichweite): 4,000 NM (7,408 km) at Mach 0.80 carrying eight passengers
At the time of the presentation in February 2008, the initial price estimate for the Citation Columbus was $27 million in 2008 U.S. dollars.
In February 2008, Cessna said that the program will require 780 million US-Dollars in total development cost.
Bombardier Challenger 605
Dassault Falcon 2000
As of mid-August 2008, Cessna had 71 orders for the Citation Columbus.
In the first quarter of 2008, Cessna took orders for 36 Citation Columbus.
Known customers were:
TWC Aviation, Inc., of Burbank, Calif.: 2: Announced in June 2008.
The Citation Columbus (previously Large Cabin Citation Business Jet) is the largest aircraft ever designed by Cessna.
Cessna claims that the aircraft's large, comfortable cabin is expected to exceed top competitor passenger seating room. The Columbus follows the design philosophy of other Citations by using an aluminum airframe, and it contains structural and cabin interior features to maximize interior cabin space. There is a lavatory aft and a in-flight accesible, pressurized baggage compartment.
- Argo-Tech: fuel system.
- Goodrich: Landing gear system (main and nose gears)
- Parker Aerospace: powered flight control system.
- Pratt & Whitney Canada: new PW810 engine.
- Rockwell Collins: Pro Line Fusion advanced avionics system. The fully integrated flight deck has four landscape high-resolution 15-inch liquid crystal displays working in concert with graphical flight planning, synthetic-enhanced vision, auto throttle, Rockwell Collins' MultiScan Hazard Detection system and an optional head-up display.
- Spirit AeroSystems: production of the fuselage
- Spirit AeroSystems Europe: Empennage
- Vought Aircraft Industries: Wings and slats. The contract, with a potential value of more than $1 billion, covers engineering design, tooling and production work.
In about 2003, Cessna began studying market requirements for a transcontinental business jet.
Cessna unveiled a proof-of-concept mockup of the Large Cabin Citation Business Jet on 17 October 2006 during the NBAA convention in Orlando, Florida. President and CEO Jack J. Pelton said the day before that a decision whether to proceed was expected at the end of 2007.
After NBAA, the mockup was presented at other events worldwide (like EBACE in Geneva and the Paris Air Show in June 2007) to gather feedback from potential customers.
On 23 January 2008, the Textron Board of Directors gave Cessna the approval to proceed with development of the Large Cabin Citation Business Jet. The decision was hailed as “an important strategic step in the long-term positioning of Cessna´s product line”. More details were said to be forthcoming on 6 February.
Cessna held a press conference in Washington on the afternoon of 6 February 2008, outlining some details of the Large Cabin Citation Business Jet, now named the Citation Columbus. At that time, Cessna said it plans to fly the Citation Columbus in 2011, to achieve Federal Aviation Administration certification by the end of 2013, and to begin deliveries in 2014.
In April 2009, the State of Kansas passed legislation to provide up to $33 million in state funds to aviation companies bringing significant projects to the state. Cessna is investing $780 million to develop the Columbus, which will result in more than 1,000 new direct jobs with an estimated annual payroll of $74 million, the company said.
On 19 May 2008, Vought Aircraft Industries announced its selection as the provider of wings and slats for the Model 850 Cessna Citation Columbus business jet. Vought's engineering and tool design will be done primarily in Dallas. Production work and other manufacturing engineering will be performed in Nashville. Production test articles were scheduled for delivery beginning in 2010, with production article deliveries scheduled to start in 2011.
An interior mockup of the Columbus was on display in mid-May at the European Business Aviation Convention & Exhibition (EBACE) at Geneva. By that time, Cessna engineers had completed low-speed and high-speed wind tunnel testing. The Columbus team was completing architecture and layout planning.
By mid-July 2008, the Citation Columbus program at Cessna had grown from 150 to more than 500 people working through the detail design phase of its all-new large cabin, intercontinental business jet. “Each of our design suppliers have gone to their home base and established their full design teams,” said Joe Hepburn, program manager, Citation Columbus. “One difference from past programs is our global collaborative environment, which allows everyone working around the world to have real-time design models, thanks to newly available data compression and replication technology.”
On 13 August 2008, Cessna announced at the Latin American Business Aviation Conference & Exhibition that it had completed a series of seven wind tunnel tests as part of the design phase of the new Citation Columbus. The testing was done at the low-speed wind tunnel in San Diego, Calif., the ONERA French Aerospace Lab near Toulouse, and the high-speed wind tunnel at the Aircraft Research Association in Bedford, England.
On 18 August 2008, Goodrich announced it is providing an advanced fully integrated landing gear system for the Cessna Model 850 Citation Columbus large cabin intercontinental business jet. The weight-efficient system includes main and nose landing gear, wheels and carbon brakes, and electronic control and steering systems.
At Orlando on 6 October 2008, Cessna unveiled a new Citation Columbus concept mock-up reflecting progress to date on the program and two years of research into customer preferences. In addition to a new color palette, the interior featured a flight attendant seat, more galley space, new lighting, newly sculpted sidewalls, heated passenger seats and moveable cup holders. Features such as the cabin management system will be integrated later as technology advances to meet Cessna's requirements.
Kansas Governor Kathleen Sebelius joined Cessna Aircraft Chairman, President and CEO Jack J. Pelton on October 29, 2008 to celebrate the start of construction of the company's new Wichita Citation Columbus design and assembly facility. Cessna announced it will build the assembly facility at its Mid-Continent facility in April following approval by the Kansas Legislature of a new incentive measure designed to keep and attract new business.
With demand for business jets falling rapidly in the evolving economic crisis, Cessna on 29 April 2009 announced various measures to weather the storm, including suspension of the development of the Citation Columbus. “We still feel that this is a program with great potential and one we will pursue when the market recoveres”, president and CEO Jack Pelton said in a memo to employees.
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